(クルーズで行く)テムズ川 The River Thames

The River Thames is a river flowing through southern England including London, the United Kingdom.

The River Thames

The River Thames is the longest river in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom. On the river in London are there many sightseeing tours in tourist boats as well as regular riverboats to Greenwich.

The London Eye

The London Eye is one of the greatest Ferris wheels in the world and stands on the south bank of the River Thames. The structure is 135 metres tall and has a diameter of 120 metres. The wheel rotates at 26 centimetres per second so that one revolution takes about 30 minutes. The wheel formally opened on 31 December 1999 and opened to the public in March 2000.

Blackfriars Bridge

Blackfriars Bridge forms the boundary between South Bank and Southwark. The first bridge opened in 1769 and the current bridge opened in 1869.

St. Paul's Cathedral

St. Paul’s Cathedral is a cathedral of the Church of England and is the seat of the Bishop of London. The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London. The present cathedral was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren and was built from 1675 to 1711. The cathedral is 111 meters high and was the tallest building in London from 1711 to 1967. The dome is among the highest in the world.

Tate Modern

Tate Modern is one of the largest museums of modern and contemporary art in the world. The museum is housed in the former Bankside Power Station. The power station was built in 2 stages between 1947 and 1963. Afterwards the power station closed in 1981. The building was at risk of being demolished by developers for many years after closure. Many people campaigned for the building to be saved and put forward suggestions for possible new uses. The building was transformed into the museum in 2000.

Southwark Bridge

Southwark Bridge originally opened in 1819 and the current bridge opened in 1921.

The Shard

The Shard is a skyscraper built from 2009 to 2012 near London Bridge. The skyscraper is also referred to as Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower. The skyscraper is 309.7 metres and is the tallest building in the European Union.

Golden Hind
Golden Hind
Golden Hind

Golden Hind was an English galleon best known for her privateering circumnavigation of the globe from 1577 to 1580 captained by Sir Francis Drake. She was originally known as Pelican but was renamed in honour of his patron whose crest was a golden hind (a female red deer). She was reconstructed to be able to sail at full scale with some original pieces and is now floating in a dock on the south bank of the River Thames.

London Bridge

Several bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark. The bridge was the only crossing road over the river on the downstream of Kingston upon Thames until 1729.

The first permanent wooden bridge over the river was built by the Romans around 55 AD. The bridge was rebuilt several times during the medieval times.

The first stone bridge was commissioned by Henry II along with a chapel at its centre. The chapel on the bridge was dedicated to Thomas Becket, who was Archbishop of Canterbury and whom the king accidentally killed in 1170. The chapel became the official start of pilgrimage to his shrine in Canterbury. The stone bridge was built from 1176 to 1209.

The southern gatehouse of the bridge was the scene of one of the most notorious sights in London as a display of the severed heads of traitors, impaled on pikes and dipped in tar and boiled to preserve them. The head of William Wallace was the first to appear on the gate in 1305 and the tradition was to continue for another 355 years.

On the bridge were built and rebuilt many buildings over the centuries. Afterwards the buildings on the bridge were demolished from 1758 to 1762. The bridge was modified to help improve navigation under the bridge.

The bridge is famous for the traditional English nursery rhyme and singing game called London Bridge is falling down. The rhyme may date back to the late medieval times though the earliest records of the rhyme in English are from the 17th century. The meaning of the rhyme is not certain but may relate to the many difficulties experienced in bridging the River Thames while the medieval stone bridge had been not fallen down completely.

Afterwards the new bridge was built 30 metres west (upstream) of the original site from 1824 to 1831. The current bridge was built from 1967 to 1972 and opened in 1973.

HMS Belfast
HMS Belfast
HMS Belfast
HMS Belfast
HMS Belfast

HMS Belfast is a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was built from 1936. She was named after the capital city of Northern Ireland and was launched on St. Patrick’s Day 1938. Subsequently she was commissioned in 1939. She saw the Second World War from 1939 to 1945 and the Korean War from 1950 to 1952. She entered reserve in 1963 and then she became a museum ship of the Imperial War Museum in 1978.

City Hall

City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority. The hall was completed in 2002. The hall has the bulbous shape purportedly intended to reduce its surface area and thus improve energy efficiency. However the excess energy consumption caused by the exclusive use of glass overwhelms the benefit of shape.

The Tower of London

The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The castle is officially called Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London. The castle is now an armoury and a chapel for the courtesy. The origin of the castle was fortresses or city walls of Roman Britain. Afterwards William the Conqueror started the construction of the castle in 1078. Subsequently Richard I and Henry III completed the construction. The castle was a mint, a bank, an astronomical observatory, a zoo, a jail and an execution site as well as a palace.

Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge close to the Tower of London. The bridge was built from 1886 to 1894. The bridge is an iconic symbol of London and is sometimes confused with London Bridge (situated about 800 metres upstream).