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(ホレーショ・ネルソン提督の戦勝記念塔)ネルソン・モニュメント The Nelson Monument

(ホレーショ・ネルソン提督の戦勝記念塔)ネルソン・モニュメント The Nelson Monument

The Nelson Monument is a tower in Edinburgh, Scotland, the United Kingdom and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Old and New Towns of Edinburgh.

The Nelson Monument
The Nelson Monument

The Nelson Monument was built from 1807 to 1815 to commemorate a naval victory of Admiral Horatio Nelson (who has been regarded as one of the three greatest admirals in the world) over the French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 (Actually he fell in the battle). The tower is 32 metres high and has 143 steps leading to a public viewing platform. A time ball was installed in 1852 on top of the tower to act as a time signal to ships in the harbour of Leith and the Firth of Forth. The time ball was complemented by the One O’Clock Gun in Edinburgh Castle because the time ball was regrettably useless as a visual signal in foggy weather.

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson was a flag officer in the Royal Navy and one of the most heroic figures in the United Kingdom. He was noted for his inspirational leadership, grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics. He won a number of decisive British naval victories particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He was wounded several times in combat as he lost the sight in one eye and most of one arm. Eventually he was shot and killed during his final victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. England expects that every man will do his duty. This is the famous flag signal by him at the battle. It has been regularly quoted, paraphrased and referenced up to the modern day.

Arthur's Seat
The Palace of Holyroodhouse

The Nelson Monument offers a full view of the breathtaking townscape of Edinburgh. The tower overlooks a view of Arthur’s Seat (which is one of the 7 hills of Edinburgh as well as Calton Hill) and the Palace of Holyroodhouse towards the southeast.


The Nelson Monument overlooks a view buildings including St. Andrew’s House (which is the headquarters building of the Scottish Government) and a view of the Old Town in the background towards the southwest.

Calton Hill

The Nelson Monument commands a view of the City Observatory (which was an astronomical observatory on Calton Hill) and overlooks a view of the Firth of Forth in the background towards the northwest.

The National Monument of Scotland

The Nelson Monument commands a view of the National Monument of Scotland and overlooks a view of the Firth of Forth in the background towards the northeast. The monument is a national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars. The monument was modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens in the context that Edinburgh was called Athens of the North because of reputation for the intellectual centre as the heart of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century and its many neo-classical buildings. Actually the construction started in 1826 and was left unfinished in 1829 because of the lack of funds.