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(スペイン帝国の歴史)インディアス総合古文書館 The Archivo General de Indias

(スペイン帝国の歴史)インディアス総合古文書館 The Archivo General de Indias

The Archivo General de Indias is a repository of archival documents in Seville, Spain and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville.

The Archivo General de Indias

The Archivo General de Indias (General Archive of the Indies) is the repository of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and the Philippines. The origin of the building dates to 1572 when Philip II of Spain commissioned the exchange for the merchants (the Casa Lonja de Mercaderes) who had been in the habit of retreating to the cool recesses of Seville Cathedral to transact business. The building was completed in the 17th century and is a prominent Italianate example of Spanish Renaissance style. In 1785 Charles III of Spain decreed that the archives of the Council of the Indies were to be housed in the building in order to bring together under a single roof all the documentation regarding the overseas empire which had been dispersed among various archives until that time. Now the archives are rich with autograph material from the first of the Conquistadores to the end of the 19th century. The archives include the request by Miguel de Cervantes for an official post, the Bull of Demarcation Inter caetera of Pope Alexander VI that divided the world between Spain and Portugal, the journal of Christopher Columbus, maps and plans of the colonial American cities, in addition to the ordinary archives that reveal the month-to-month workings of the whole vast colonial machinery.

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