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(丘の上に立つ)トームペア城 Toompea Castle

Toompea Castle is a castle in Tallinn, Estonia and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn.

Toompea Castle
Toompea Castle

Toompea Castle crowns the hill of Toompea which is the legendary place for Estonians. According to a myth, the whole hill is the tumulus mound over the grave of King Kalev built by his grieving wife Linda by piling up countless boulders with her own hands. The castle was taken over by the Danish crusaders led by Valdemar II in 1219. Subsequently the castle was taken over by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in 1227 and was rebuilt and extended. Afterwards the castle was again taken over the Danes just 10 years later. Tallinn was sold to the Teutonic Order in 1346 and became a dominion of Sweden in 1561. Afterwards the city capitulated to the Russian Empire in 1710. The empire turned the castle into a palace in the 18th century. The new wing in the Baroque and Neoclassical style was added in the eastern part of the castle complex.

Toompea Castle

The southwest tower of Toompea Castle is called Pikk Hermann (Tall Hermann). The tower is 48 metres tall. This medieval Gothic tower is a symbol of the castle. The flag of Estonia is hoisted at the top of the tower at sunrise every day to the sound of the national anthem and lowered at sunset.


Next to Toompea Castle stands a souvenir shop with a sign of a life size medieval knight.