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(かつてのハプスブルク家の夏の離宮)シェーンブルン宮殿 Schönbrunn Palace

(かつてのハプスブルク家の夏の離宮)シェーンブルン宮殿 Schönbrunn Palace

Schönbrunn Palace is a palace in Vienna, Austria and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn.

Schönbrunn Palace

Schönbrunn Palace is a former imperial summer residence of the Habsburg. In 1569 Maximilian II of the Holy Roman Empire purchased a large land of the Wien river where a mansion called Katterburg had built in 1548 and then made a recreational hunting ground. The name Schönbrunn (meaning beautiful spring) derives from an artesian well. Eleonora Gonzaga added a palace to the mansion from 1638 to 1643. The present form of the palace was built and remodelled in the middle of the 18th century. Empress Maria Theresa received the estate as a wedding gift and Francis I of the Holy Roman Empire commissioned the redecoration of the palace exterior in the Neoclassical style as it appears today. The Congress of Vienna was held at the palace from 1814 to 1815 following the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The congress was the first occasion in history where national representatives on a continental scale came together to formulate treaties instead of relying mostly on messages among the several capitals. Franz Joseph I was born at the palace and spent a great deal of his life at the palace. He died at the palace in 1916. The palace became the property of the newly founded Austrian Republic and was preserved as a museum following the downfall of the Habsburg in 1918. From the centre of Vienna to the palace runs the U4 underground line.

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